Is pesticide-free agriculture possible with Azolla Filiculoides?

writer Ekolojist

In the world where the carbon footprint is increasing day by day, the greenhouse effect is seen, and many endemic species continue to disappear, people take care to choose the most natural materials, food and beverages in their daily lives. In particular, as a result of the harm caused by animal foods to both health and the environment, people are turning to plant-based nutrition. However, continuous spraying of vegetables, fruits and grains also leads to the search for pesticide-free agriculture.

What can be done for pesticide-free agriculture; The preservation of ecological balance is an important point for the disappearance of people's health problems to a large extent. A solution that scientists realized as a result of their hard work on this issue, which can be extremely effective in agriculture; a type of fern Azolla filiculoides plant.

Azolla Filiculoides

The plant Azolla filiculoides, with its Latin name, has the ability to produce its own nitrogen. Nitrogen is the basic building block of all living things. Most of the protein structure consists of nitrogen. Since there is no nitrogen in the soil material by itself, the nitrogen content of the soil is very low, since the nitrogen gained from the atmosphere by the special bacteria cannot be stored in the soil well. However, nitrogen, which is an essential element for plant structure and life, which plants need at least such as magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc and many other elements, ensures rapid growth of the plant and root development when it is found in sufficient quantities in the plant.

Contrary to this situation, the balance is disturbed in plants exposed to excess nitrogen element. In this case, tissues weaken and harvesting processes are adversely affected. It is possible to see undersized roots. Thickly branched roots are observed in plants that are given regular and sufficient nitrogen. Grass, which can take nitrogen from the air and convert it into useful chemicals that plants can use, has qualities that can stop the use of nitrogen-based drugs.

Another important feature of Azolla filiculoides, which has been used in rice fields for thousands of years in Asia, is that it is an insect repellent. This type of fern that grows in water also has a carbon sink feature. Azolla filiculoides, which takes its place in water, nitrogen and carbon cycles, can live in water and produce its own nitrogen, and has many features such as carbon sink, will affect the world in a very good way.

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Ekolojist

Ekolojist.net - Environmental News Site

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