In our previous articles from hazardous chemicals and this chemical class from carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic substances (KMTM) we talked about.
KMTMs, which are in the dangerous chemical class, can cause irreversible damage to human and public health if not handled carefully. For this reason, we need to know the ways to protect ourselves from these chemicals. Let's take a look at these measures together.
The general approach for the prevention and control of chemical risks also applies to carcinogens, mutagens and teratogenic substances (KMTM). Regulatory compliance is mandatory and should form the basis of measures.
An inventory of chemicals used or produced should be maintained, updated and correlated with data from labels and other reliable sources of information. Identification of KMTMs should also be made for known carcinogens that do not comply with emissions and chemicals legislation that may contain such substances or that may be produced in technological processes.
In order to accurately reflect the assessed situation, the risk assessment should be based on a consistent methodology supported by systematically collected and measured data. The results of the risk assessment should support decision-making regarding the type and priority of control measures.
5 methods can be used to reduce the risks and hazards that may occur. These:
1) Elimination and substitution: If it is possible not to work with KMTMs, it is best to use non-hazardous substances instead. Elimination means not using KMTM and similar substances at all, and substitution means replacing KMTM with the safest possible substances.
2) Engineering controls: Engineering controls such as redesign of production processes, isolation and containment of the source of KMTM emissions, local and general ventilation should be used to control risks where KMTM substances cannot be eliminated and substituted.
3) Administrative controls: Administrative control measures should also be taken to complement engineering controls to reduce exposure. These measures help reduce the duration of exposure and the number of people exposed. Employers should have an updated list of workers engaged in activities that pose a risk to their health and safety due to exposure to PFMCs.
4) Personal protective equipment: The use of personal protective equipment is limited to situations where other solutions cannot be applied or are not effective enough. It is applied temporarily.
5) Other measures: Employers, workers and their representatives:
- potential and additional health risks,
- measures to prevent exposure, including the safe handling and storage of chemicals and waste;
- hygiene requirements,
- protective equipment,
- Precautions to be taken in case of an accident,
- Emergency procedures should ensure that he receives training on it.
- In addition, KMTM wastes, especially solvents, should not be thrown into the sink, they should be collected in a separate place and sent to incinerators. Spilled liquids should be absorbed with adsorbing solids, these solids should be placed in sturdy plastic bags and properly incinerated.