Banana in Current Production

sustainable banana production

industrial Revolution The change in technology and techniques used in agriculture, along with industrialization and technology, increased employment in the cities, started the migration of the surplus workforce in the villages to the cities, and the gradual increase in the population living in the cities completely changed the sowing and planting activities of the subsistence villagers as much as their own needs.

The increase in technical use in agricultural production brought industrialization in agriculture, and accordingly, the peasants engaged in subsistence production; changed and transformed into industrial type agriculture. The peasant had to come to be concerned not only with the cultivation of the land and the growth of the product, but also with the processing and marketing of this product.

Today, agriculture, on the other hand, has gone beyond plant and animal production and has turned into the development, processing and marketing of these. The agriculture of the peasants started to be managed by the laws determined by the state.

The industrialization of agriculture, the change in the way of nutrition with the increasing human population, globalization, and the fact that food has become spaceless and timeless, have led to the introduction of different products into our nutrition life. What we see on supermarket shelves mango, avocado, kiwi, banana It is not clear in our minds how and in what way products such as

“No dish is intrinsically national; Every dish that we think belongs to a region tells stories of movement and mixing. There is only a menu of naturalized (modified, adapted and hybridized over time) dishes. Also, the foodstuffs we take as part of a nation's identity by definition obscure complex stories of trade links, cultural exchanges, and especially colonialism.” (Cited from Bell and Valentine:1997:169, Tomlinson 2013:181)

Banana Production

Banana; If we look at the production in our country, with the production of greenhouse bananas. 728 thousand tons has reached. Greenhouse is the greenhouse agriculture in which the climatic factors necessary for plant growth and development are controlled. Particularly in the Antalya region, the subsidized agricultural loans, greenhouse agricultural supports and grants provided by the state to the producers in the production of bananas have increased the popularity of bananas.

Domestic bananas, which are generally consumed in the domestic market, reduce imports with the increase in cover production. It has reached the level of meeting about 4/3 of Turkey's needs.. Looking at banana production from 2019 to 2020 33% production increase According to TUIK data, an area of ​​111.544 acres is planted with bananas (Figure 1). 50.676 acres of this is in the Antalya region (Figure 2).

banana production

Figure1: https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Kategori/GetKategori?p=tarim-111&dil=1

Like the banana production before, the pomegranate tree cultivation in Antalya region, which started with the support of the state, was 2015 decares as of the end of 57.373, but it has started to decrease with the removal of pomegranate trees as of 2016 (Figure 2).

banana production in turkey

Figure2: https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?locale=tr

All of the production activities carried out today are in a way that will ensure the access of future generations to the food they will need.sustainable“It should be.

For a sustainable greenhouse production of bananas in the region. land resources must be improved, waterways must be protected, healthy food provided, reduced producer dependence on external resources and a reliable source of income for farmers.

Today, it is not clear who is in control of the production. Just like in pomegranate production. In short, it is not clear whether the production is the state, companies or producers.

Food safety and food security have become important concepts in this sense and are not only an international humanitarian priority, but also a discourse that defines the conditions of access to food in the global capitalist economy (Mustafa Koç, 2013: 15).

Kaynaklar:
Koç, M. (2013) As the Global Food Order Crisis Deepens. Ankara: NotaBene Publications
Tomlinson, J., (2013). Globalization and culture Istanbul: Details Publications

About the Author

Didem Samurkas

I am a Computer Engineer, I am married, I first completed my master's degree in Sociology in order to find answers to my questions why we live social life like this, how our relations with each other are formed, and now I am continuing my Sociology doctoral program. I am doing my thesis on food and agriculture.

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