Carbon footprintis a measure of the damage caused by human activities to the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide, and consists of two main parts.
These; direct (primary) footprint and indirect (secondary) footprint. The direct footprint is the direct footprint of CO2 emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels, including domestic energy consumption, industrial energy consumption, and transportation (for example, cars and airplanes), while the indirect footprint is related to the manufacture and eventual degradation of these products from the entire life cycle of the products we use. It is a measure of indirect CO2 emissions.
worldwide reduction of carbon emissions Carbon regulation has been introduced at the border (1). With the border carbon regulation, it is aimed to bring the competitiveness̈ of high-emission products produced at a lower cost to the same level of alternative products that can be produced with relatively lower emissions but at a higher cost.
The main purpose of the regulation is to determine the import price for selected sectors, taking into account the carbon content of the goods, and they will be subject to a certain amount of carbon pricing. The products that cover carbon regulation at the border for now are; cement, electricity, fertilizer, iron-steel and aluminum (Climate news, EY, EU İmib EU Projects, Narter&Partners).
Currently, there are 31 national carbon pricing mechanisms, 30 of which are emissions trading systems and 61 of which are carbon taxes, implemented or planned to be implemented in the world. The border carbon regulation was adopted by the European Union Commission on 14 July 2021.
The process, which does not impose a 3-year financial obligation for Turkey, will start on 1 January 2023. With the relevant regulation, the carbon footprint in the industry is more traceable and “Green Circular Economy” It is planned to reduce the amount of carbon emissions under the heading.
As part of border carbon regulations:
• It is aimed to model the effects of the Border Carbon Regulation Mechanism on our energy-intensive and resource-intensive sectors on the basis of scenarios, to work on a sector-by-sector basis and to determine the actions to be taken.
• In order to support the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in priority manufacturing industry sectors that may be subject to Carbon Regulation, our country's roadmap or activities will be determined.
• Within the scope of studies for an appropriate carbon pricing mechanism in our country, studies will be carried out to determine our country's position on carbon pricing, taking into account the EU's carbon regulation at the border.
• In parallel with the evaluation studies on a carbon pricing mechanism in our country, studies will be conducted on the additional costs and economic effects that will occur on the sectors, and support mechanisms for increasing costs will be evaluated.
• The system for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions originating from industry will be developed according to the needs.
• Studies will be carried out to carry out certification activities within the framework of the methodology/standards to be determined by the EU, and technical support will be provided for reporting (TC Ministry of Commerce).
- B. Öktem, 2020, Investigation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Accounting and Reporting in the Framework of the Standard, Kırklareli University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Journal
- Climate News
- Ernst & Young
- EU Immib EU Projects
- Narter & Partners
- TR Ministry of Commerce, 2021, Green Deal Action Plan