Health Effects of Water Pollution

writer Ekolojist

When water pollution is mentioned, the first thing that comes to mind is the pollution that occurs in rivers, lakes, groundwater and sea water. Water pollution not only threatens the life in the water, but also causes serious health problems in the area where the pollution occurs.

Water pollution also has serious effects on human health. In developing countries, environmental risk factors that cause diseases with high mortality rates include unsafe water, lack of wastewater systems and inadequate hygiene practices. Among the evidence-based results of these factors, intestinal diseases are the leading ones. Hepatitis, diarrhea, cholera diseases such as water pollution stand out as diseases caused by water pollution.

water pollution

Despite the developments in technology and medicine, the incidence of intestinal infections, which are transmitted due to soil contamination with feces, increases in parallel with the population growth. It is observed that the incidence of these diseases decreases when sufficient water is provided for domestic and personal use. Brain inflammation and malaria The increase in water-borne diseases, such as water-related diseases, is an indicator of insufficient water resources.

Water pollutants can also be carcinogenic. In other words Cancer among the health effects of water pollution is also located. One of the most important factors in the occurrence of water pollution, pesticides used in agricultural areas first mix with the soil and then with the groundwater, causing the waters to contain serious carcinogenic substances. Industrial wastes left from factories to streams also contain carcinogenic substances. Water pollution can trigger cancer in humans and animals, accelerating one or more stages of cancer development. located in water DDT and PCB are carcinogenic substances.

health effects of water pollution

Today, one of the most important reasons for the rapid increase in water pollution is the insufficient level of treatment facilities. Discharge of city sewers and factory wastes to water resources is among the causes of water pollution.

Water pollution will be one of the most life-threatening factors in the coming days, when our need for water resources will increase significantly due to climate change and global warming. You can reach the report published by the World Health Organization on water pollution from the link below.

Click: 2.1 Billion People Have No Clean Water to Drink

Another effect among the health effects of water pollution is neurotoxicity. The nervous system is highly sensitive to the toxic effects of many naturally occurring or man-made chemicals. Insecticides, along with the large number of solvents that mix with water, are examples of dangerous neurotoxins that disrupt normal stimulus communication between nerves and synapses. Among the consequences of neurotoxicity; dizziness, uncoordinated muscle contractions, depression and collapse of various body parts is located. Neurotoxicity reaches more serious dimensions. paralysis of the diaphragm muscles and breathing difficulties cause may threaten human life.

Another pollutant in water endocrine blockers by damaging reproductive processes. reproductive problems may cause. Endocrine inhibitors act directly on the hormones, causing the hormones to lose their functionality and with it. to infertility can cause.

water pollution effects

Many developed countries introduce legal regulations to prevent water pollution. Unfortunately, it is not possible to see the same effort in developing countries. Water pollution has become a global problem today. For this reason, developing countries need financial, technical and cultural support on water pollution.

What Can We Do to Prevent Water Pollution? 

  • Do not use water-cleaning products in your toilet.
  • Do not use chemical drugs for plants.
  • Do not pour harmful drugs down the toilet.
  • Do not pour solvents, paints, chemicals, antifreeze and other chemicals into the soil.
  • Instead of buying chemical fertilizers for your plants, use the fertilizer you make from your food waste.
  • Consume organic foods.

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Ekolojist - Environmental News Site

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