Waste and used oils create a serious problem today as a result of the modern world and industrialization. So, is there a way to get rid of these oils that threaten both human health and nature?
What is Waste Oil and Is There a Difference Between Used Oil and Used Oil?
used oilIt is the general name of oils that have lost their purity chemically and deteriorated as a result of the use of humans and machines. These oils; It is filled into drums and waits for recycling, destruction or reuse if it is still usable.
Waste oil if; These are oils that have not been used yet but are not suitable for use due to various reasons or due to the deterioration of their structure by interacting with any substance, and these are generally classified as hazardous waste and endanger human health.
What is Waste Vegetable Oil and What are the Damages to the Environment?
First, let's talk about the definition of vegetable oil. Vegetable oil; It is the general name of the oils obtained from the seeds of soybean, corn, sunflower, etc. plants and which we use frequently in our homes.
Waste vegetable oil, on the other hand, is the general name given to oily soils, sedimentary vegetable oils coming out of the vegetable crude oil refinery, oils that were used for machinery in the facilities and cannot be used anymore, and frying oils. It is estimated that an average of 350 thousand tons of waste vegetable oil is produced in our country as a result of consumption of vegetable oils.
Environmental damage of waste vegetable oils it is quite a lot. These oils, which are called ecotoxic, not only pollute the environment, but also threaten the life of living things by damaging the natural habitat in that environment; The oils that cover the water surface cut off the oxygen of underwater creatures. In addition, waste oils mixed with underground waters and sewage waters cause clogging and increase environmental pollution by becoming petrified because they cannot be dissolved.
When waste water polluted by vegetable waste oils becomes untreatable, it mixes with fresh and salt water sources, compromising the continuity of the species. On the other hand, when household vegetable waste oils are poured into the sink, it causes other wastes to stick to the pipes, causing pipe blockages. So, can waste vegetable oils, which are so harmful to our world and environment, be recycled and reused?
Where Are Waste Vegetable Oils Used? What can be produced by recycling?
In our country, waste vegetable oils are recycled by facilities with environmental license given by the ministry. These facilities recycle waste oils as semi-finished products or products, thus reusing vegetable waste oils, contributing to the country's economy and protecting the environment.
Waste vegetable oils are converted into soap bars, raw materials to be used in the chemical industry, and products such as biodiesel and soap. Of these, biodiesel; It is a product that is produced by mixing with petroleum and can be used as fuel, and its damage to the ozone layer is fifty percent less than diesel fuels.
The management of waste vegetable oils in Turkey is carried out with the "Regulation on the Control of Waste Vegetable Oils" and the regulation is related to the whole process from the collection of these oils to their recovery and initiates the entire legal and penal process when deemed necessary by inspecting the facilities.
Waste vegetable oils are hazardous wastes that arise as a result of the use of oil both in large factories and in our daily lives, and we can prevent the damage to the environment by taking the necessary precautions. In this regard, each of us can take responsibility as environmentally sensitive individuals.