Plastic Waste Import: Fertilizer Desire

plastic waste import
writer Asli Turan

Fertilizer; It is a word that has the meaning of garbage, rubbish, and passed into Turkish from Persian. I think the transition is "garbage economy" It stems from the fact that there is no better word than this to envision…

As a matter of fact, since 2004, the import of waste has been maintaining its presence in the country, originating from Europe. It has become a visible phenomenon over time, both in quantity and in the relaxation of restrictions. Leading the world in plastic waste imports, China has also shaped the destiny of Turkey with its ban decision in 2018.

Before this decision, while European plastic waste was in the Chinese sector, Turkey became the largest buyer of European waste in 2019 and 2020. If we examine these dates, we can notice that the facilities that show collection-separation and recycling activities have increased visibly.

Ministry of Commerce last May 18 ethylene polymer-based plastic scraps, other imported wastes and thus prevented the waste trade. The ban was lifted two months later, at the beginning of July, and it was decided that imports would continue with strict controls "from now on".

Let's try to define "from now on" a little bit.

İzmir and Adana are the cities most affected by waste imports regionally. Last week, Greenpeace's «Waste Games» As a result of the analysis of soil samples taken from five different areas in Adana where wastes of foreign origin were dumped and incinerated, 400 thousand times more dioxin and furan than normal concentrations were found.

Dioxin and furan are chemicals that we can define as endocrine disruptors, that change the functioning of hormones that play a role in the internal balance, reproduction and development processes of the human body. These chemicals require serious management due to the effectiveness of the exposure time and the late emergence of the effect in the exposure process.

Let's assume that the planned inspections require a systematic infrastructure, so we think about the time it will take for new regulations before the inspection, to define "from now on"...

It is said that inspections will be tightened with regulations such as reviewing the licenses of recycling companies, tracking imported plastic waste with a chip system from the port to the factory, and making the import permit not based on the capacity of the machine in which the plastics are broken, but on the heat treatment capacity, which requires a larger investment.

After this rapid change in decision taken in July, a quantitative indicator of the slowdown in the waste import process and the incoming restrictions emerge, but environmental problems remain stable.

Organized by the Union of Turkish Bar Associations in Ankara in 2012 At the Environmental and Urban Law Congress A while ago I came across the file where the sessions are made a resource. «Making Law for Nature» I would like to end the article with a statement of Attorney Ömer Turgut Erlat, one of the speakers in the session; «…Whenever I start to prepare a lawsuit regarding a violation of the environment and nature, when I examine the legislation, I see that the essential element is protection.» and continues, «…I see that the subject I am going to fight has somehow been taken out of the legislation.»

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About the Author

Asli Turan

I am an environmental engineer, born in 1997. I do ecology-fiction readings.

As Virginia Woolf said; I like sentences that don't move even if armies pass over them."

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