The answer to the question of what is the Climate Crisis is actually very clear; The climate change situation that requires urgent action is called the climate crisis.
Before climate change called global warming induced natural disasters and climate change, in order to highlight the gravity and urgency of the situation. climate crisis is called. Climate change Using the term climate crisis aims to raise awareness of the impending danger, since there seems to be no phonetic situation that requires taking precautions when described as a climate crisis.
With the climate crisis, by the press and broadcasting organizations; climate emergency, climate disruption Expressions that show the urgency of the situation are also included.
Climate crisis is a term used to describe global warming and climate change and their consequences, and has been used to describe the global warming threat to the planet and to promote aggressive climate change mitigation. For example, an article in the journal BioScience that was endorsed by more than 2020 scientists worldwide in January 11.000, “the climate crisis is coming” and “a massive scale-up is needed in efforts to protect our biosphere” He stated.
The term is used by those who "believe that it awakens the seriousness of the threats from the planet's continued greenhouse gas emissions and can help foster the kind of political will that has long been lacking in climate advocacy." It is believed that 'global warming' provides greater emotional engagement and support for action than 'climate change', calling climate change a crisis may have an even stronger effect.
Studies have shown that used instead of climate change shows that the term climate crisis elicits a strong emotional response in conveying a sense of urgency.
Unfortunately, the actions of activists and all the work that scientists and intellectuals frequently emphasize and do to raise awareness cannot go beyond naive actions. The vast majority of the world's population is unaware of the approaching danger, and even if information is given about the climate crisis and what needs to be done, the measures to be taken cannot turn into action.
After answering the question of what is the climate crisis, let's talk a little bit about the effects of the climate crisis on the planet.
Causes of the Climate Crisis
The root cause of the climate crisis is what we all hear a lot. global warming and its effects. global warming, atmosphere greenhouse effect It is the name given to the event that the gases that create the atmosphere cause an increase in the average temperatures of the earth's crust and seas.
Causes of global warming As for the future; Although versatile, we can briefly say that carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel consumption, deforestation and other human actions have increased over the past century.
If we gather the causes of the climate crisis under the headings;
- Humanity's increasing use of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas for electricity generation, powering cars and other transportation vehicles, power generation and industry
- Deforestation – because living trees absorb and store carbon dioxide.
- Increased intensive agriculture – emits greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide.
- Today's industrialized countries have built their economies on burning fossil fuels to develop electricity, transportation and industry.
As a result, the increase in global earth temperature (or global warming) climate changes in other words climate crisis triggers.
The investigations have shown that the world temperature averages have been irreversible until today. It shows an increase of 1ºC. Even an increase of only 1 degree will cause us to experience the effects of natural disasters such as hurricanes, forest fires, heavy rains and accompanying floods and heat waves. .
Even if we stop our carbon emissions today, warming will reach +2030ºC in 1.5 due to current carbon emissions. This means that in 10 years, together with much more serious natural events, loss of living species and imbalances in the ecosystem will occur.
Consequences of the Climate Crisis
The direct consequences of the climate crisis are:
- Increasing maximum temperatures
- Increasing minimum temperatures
- rising sea levels
- higher ocean temperatures
- Increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- Shrinking glaciers
- permafrost melting
Indirect consequences of the climate crisis that directly affects people and our environment:
- Increase in hunger and water crises, especially in developing countries
- Health risks through rising air temperatures and heat waves
- The economic consequences of dealing with collateral damage due to climate change
- Increased spread of pests and pathogens
- Biodiversity loss due to limited adaptability and speed of adaptation of flora and fauna
- Ocean acidification due to increased concentrations of HCO3 in water as a result of increased CO₂ concentrations
- The need for adaptation in all areas (eg agriculture, forestry, energy, infrastructure, tourism, etc.)
Poor Countries Will Be Most Affected by the Climate Crisis
According to the report prepared by the Global Adaptation Commission, the world is unprepared for the effects of the climate crisis. However, if the necessary investments are not made in the next ten years, it is actually the least responsible for global warming. The poorest people will pay the heaviest price.
According to the report prepared by the United Nations (UN); due to the climate crisis 120 million people will become poorer however, much more people life, food, shelter and water will be deprived of basic human rights such as According to the report, it is stated that 250 people may die due to diseases.
Ecological balance is among the main causes of poverty that is predicted to increase. These include rising ocean temperatures, lack of nutrients, reduced food production, drought and hunger.
The Rich Emit 175 Times More Carbon Than the Poor
Many countries that have the least share in the formation of the climate crisis will be the countries most affected by the consequences of the climate crisis. carbon emissions On a greenhouse gas basis, it is stated that a person in the richest 10% emits 175 times more carbon than a person in the poorest XNUMX%. For this reason, all humanity needs to take action to take action on the climate crisis.
The Commission argues that making investments that will save the world is an urgent moral responsibility for rich countries.
The Global Adaptation Commission is looking ahead to avoid the climate crisis. $10 trillion in 2 years announced the need for a close investment.
In the report, it is stated that large investments must be made in order to get out of this situation, where the rich of the world are not harmed as a result of the climate crisis, and the poor pay the price, with the least damage, otherwise it will be the turn of the rich people as well.
The Global Adaptation Commission stated that the biggest problem is not the lack of financial resources to make the investments, that what is really needed “political leadership that will shake people up and move them towards a collective goal” records that. According to the report, it is emphasized that explaining the dangers and consequences of global warming to the public through various media and broadcasting organizations will be a repressive force in the implementation of solutions.
So what can be done for the climate crisis that threatens the planet?
Climate Crisis Solutions
The core of all climate crisis solutions is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which must reach zero as soon as possible.
Because both forests and oceans play vital roles in regulating our climate, increasing the natural ability of forests and oceans to absorb carbon dioxide can also help curb global warming.
The main ways to stop the climate crisis are to put pressure on government and business to:
- Keep fossil fuels underground. Fossil fuels include coal, oil and gas, and the more they are mined and burned, the more fueled the climate crisis. All countries need to move their economies away from fossil fuels as soon as possible.
- Invest in renewable energy. Converting our main energy sources to clean and renewable energy is the best way to stop using fossil fuels. These include technologies such as solar, wind, wave, tidal and geothermal energy.
- Switch to sustainable transportation. Gasoline and diesel vehicles, airplanes and ships use fossil fuels. Reducing car use, switching to electric vehicles and minimizing air travel will not only stop climate change but also reduce air pollution.
- Reduce the energy needs in your homes. It is possible to live greener by effectively using energy-efficient air conditioners and insulating walls and roofs. Read: What is Energy Saving, How Is It Done?
- Improve farming and promote vegan nutrition. One of the best ways individuals can help stop the climate crisis is to reduce their consumption of meat and dairy or go completely vegan. Businesses and food retailers can improve their farming practices and provide more plant-based products to help people make the transition.
- Restore nature to absorb more carbon. The natural world is very good at cleaning up our emissions, but we need to take care of it. Planting trees in the right places or giving soil back to nature with "rewilding" plans is a good place to start. This is because photosynthesizing plants absorb carbon dioxide as they grow and trap it in the soil.
- Protect forests like the Amazon. Forests are very important in tackling climate change and protecting forests is an important climate solution. Cutting forests on an industrial scale destroys giant trees that can absorb large amounts of carbon. Still, companies are clearing forests to make room for livestock, soy or palm oil plantations. Governments can stop them by making better laws.
- Protect the oceans. The oceans also absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which helps keep our climate stable. But many are overfished, used for oil and gas drilling, or threatened by deep-sea mining. Protecting the oceans and the life in them is a way to ultimately protect ourselves from climate change.
- Reduce consumption. Our transportation, fashion, food and other lifestyle choices have different effects on climate. Fashion and technology companies, for example, are releasing far more products than are realistically needed. However, although it is difficult to reduce the consumption of these products, it is definitely in our hands.
- Reduce the plastic. Plastic is made from petroleum, and the process of extracting, refining, and converting petroleum to plastic (even polyester for clothing) is surprisingly carbon-intensive. It does not degrade quickly in nature, so a lot of plastic is burned, which adds to the emissions. Demand for plastic is growing so fast that the creation and disposal of plastics will account for 2050% of the global carbon budget by 17 (this is the number of emissions we need to stay in according to the Paris agreement).
For all these solutions to work, strong international cooperation is needed between governments and businesses, including in the most polluting sectors.
Individuals can also play a role by making better choices about where they get their energy, how they travel, and what foods they eat. But the best way to help stop climate change is to take collective action. This means putting pressure on governments and companies to change their policies and business practices.
Governments seek reelection and businesses cannot survive without customers. Demanding action from them is a powerful way to bring about change.
What Can We Do to Solve the Climate Crisis?
The climate crisis, of course, will not be resolved with small changes made by a few people, but the consumer, who maintains the supply-demand balance, must act with the awareness of fulfilling his/her responsibility and make certain changes in his/her life.
The most important thing to do as an individual to prevent the climate crisis to carbon emissions It comes down to reducing the number of car and plane rides that lead to Instead, preferring public transportation as much as possible, walking or cycling for short distances can be considered as alternatives.
Dr. Baran Bozoğlu's book Climate Crisis in the 21st Century, Paris Agreement and Adaptation to Climate Change will be a helpful resource in the adaptation process to the climate crisis.
Turning to green energy producers, buying what we really need, reducing waste and separating it correctly, recycling, minimizing water consumption, preferring local production and consuming less meat play an important role in reducing individual carbon emissions.