Soil is a limited resource. Land use needs to be carefully managed to feed a growing human population, conserve biodiversity, store carbon to offset emissions, and stabilize the climate.
With an increase of several billion more people over the next 30 years, ways must be found to increase food production while simultaneously preserving the habitats and biodiversity that make life possible on this planet. Decisions regarding agricultural production methods, diets, consumption, biofuel production and land use, other types of production or use affect the change and transformation of the soil and therefore climate change and plays an important role in carbon sequestration.
As global temperatures continue to rise, agricultural productivity in the regions will also change. Therefore, food production, economic development, migration and climate change are deeply intertwined. But appropriate policies can help balance the competing needs and demands of communities and the environment.
What is Fit for 55?
The Fit for 55 policy package is a set of recommendations to review and update soil legislation in the EU and to implement new initiatives.
Fit for 55 pack EU net worth by 2030 greenhouse gas expresses the target of reducing its emissions by at least 55%. The proposed package aims to align EU legislation with the 2030 target.
Fit for 55 aims to provide a coherent and balanced framework for achieving the EU's climate goals;
Ensuring a socially just transition
To provide a level playing field for third country economic operators while maintaining and strengthening the innovation and competitiveness of the EU industry
To support the EU's leading position in the global fight against climate change
What then is the Soil Future of Europe?
Land use plays an important role in the European Commission's proposal for the Fit for 55 plan.
Land used to provide agricultural products and wood in Europe has a high potential to reduce its footprint. Climate plays a critical role in reducing footprint. Europe's agricultural footprint today; 24 million hectares of agricultural production to Europe to foreign land has spread. In this way outer land It is estimated that its use causes 400 million tons of CO2eq loss per year.
But by reasonably increasing crop yields and reducing biofuels to 2010 levels, Europe has the opportunity to eliminate this global land outsourcing. It can also reduce its cultivated area by 16,5 million hectares (~16% of arable land). Moderate reductions in milk and meat consumption could increase this reduction to 30 million hectares. Protected land can then be used in various ways to restore more carbon and biodiversity in Europe and save forests abroad.
Ancak According to the report of researcher Oliver James from Princenton University:
"Unfortunately, the current Fit for 55'euThe land use provisions in the appropriate policy package will broaden Europe's land footprint. If enacted, Europe will waste the opportunity to restore European habitats and carbon, and increase Europe's contribution to global deforestation by "outsourcing" agricultural demand even more.tr."
According to the European Commission's own modelling, by 2050 Europe will devote one-fifth of its cropland to growing energy crops for bioenergy and quadruple its imports of firewood for energy. The modeling also predicts that Europe could lose half of its biodiverse, semi-natural grasslands.
According to Oliver James' report, these conclusions stem from a fundamental accounting error, namely that growing and burning biomass for biofuels is considered "carbon neutral".
As a solution, instead of producing food or storing carbon, the lands cultivated in Europe should be taken into account with the climate. energy products should be used for
Finally, negotiations for Fit for 55 in the EU have coincided with a pending food crisis due to the loss of Ukrainian food exports. Halving grain-based ethanol in the US and Europe could completely replace Ukraine's grain exports. However, even if a roughly seven-fold increase in the use of cultivated land for bioenergy is predicted in Europe, future land wars seem possible with the growth in global food demand in the long run.